CLASSIFIEDS SECTION : $15 for 30 words for 40 days. Click Here
 2014 London Majors' Home Games (Regular Season)  ?


2014 Regular Season Home Games of the IBL's London Majors Baseball Club

Intercounty Baseball League

www.londonmajors.com

All home games of the London Majors are played at historic Labatt Park:


April 2014

* Sat. Apr. 26, Michigan Jet Box at London, 1pm (exhibition game #1) Loss: 10-4
* Sun. Apr. 27, Michigan Jet Box at London, 1pm (exhibition game #2) Win: 9-2

May 2014

* Fri. May 16, Kitchener at London, 7:35pm (2014 IBL Homeopener) Win: 6-1
* Fri. May 23, Brantford at London, 7:35pm Win: 12-5
* Sun. May 25, Barrie at London, 1:05pm Loss: 9-5
* Fri. May 30, Burlington at London, 7:35pm Win: 6-5

June 2014

* Sat. June 7, Hamilton at London, 7:35pm Win: 10-2
* Fri. June 13, Toronto at London, 7:45pm Loss: 8-7
* Sun. June 15, Brantford at London, 1:05pm (Sifton's Pack the Park) Win: 12-5
* Fri. June 20, Kitchener at London, 7:35pm Win: 10-2
* Sat. June 21, Brantford at London, 7:35pm Win: 10-7
* Sun. June 22, Guelph at London, 1:05pm Win: 16-6
* Fri. June 27, Burlington at London, 7:35pm Win: 5-2

July 2014

* Tues. July 1, Toronto at London, 6:05pm (Fireworks) Win: 9-3
* Fri. July 4, Guelph at London, 7:35pm Win: 8-7
* Sun. July 6, Barrie at London, 1:05pm (DH) Losses: 13-7 and 4-2
* Fri. July 11, Kitchener at London, 7:35pm Win: 7-3
* Fri. July 18, Toronto at London, 7:45pm Win: 3-2 (12 innings)
* Sat. July 26, Hamilton at London, 7:35pm

Playoffs begin

Labatt Park in August 2008 during Game 7 of the IBL Championship Series against the Brantford Red Sox



 Guy Lombardo's Tempo VII Hydroplane  ?


Guy Lombardo's multiple-award-winning Tempo VII hydroplane, built in 1955 and powered by an Allison aircraft engine, has been owned by the City of London since 1983 when it was donated to the City by the late Colonel Tom Lawson.

It is currently on display at London's Jet Aircraft Museum along with the Miss Supertest III hydroplane, immediately northwest of the London International Airport. It is open Saturdays from 9 am to 5 pm.

Contact London's heritage planner Don Menard (dmenardATlondon.ca) if you or your organization are interested in displaying the Tempo VII in a public setting for a special short-term event.


LOMBARDO TRIVIA: London-born-and-raised bandleader Guy Lombardo (June 19, 1902- Nov. 5, 1977) never travelled across the bridge named in his honour in London, Ontario, since the bridge never officially opened until Nov. 16, 1978, more than a year after his death.

Guy Lombardo (1902-1977) with his younger sister, Rosemarie Lombardo (1925-2011) in the 1940s. Guy and his brothers in the orchestra actually named their sister Rosemarie, who was born 23 years after Guy.


 Fresh from The Baker's Oven  
STORIES
No new stories

COMMENTS last 2 days
No new comments

TRACKBACKS last 2 days
No new trackback comments

LINKS last 2 weeks
No recent new links



 Canadian baseball legend Ron Stead dies at age 75    
 Author:  Mr_Ambassador
 Dated:  Saturday, December 24 2011 @ 04:16 AM EST
 Viewed:  4,037 times  
THOUGHT DU JOUR: "If you light a lamp for someone else it will also brighten you path." ~ Great-Great-Great-Great Grandpappy Buddha McLarty
  • Former Tory cabinet minister Helena Guergis sues PM Stephen Harper et al., CBC, Dec. 23

  • PEACE ON EARTH, GOODWILL TO ALL

    The Spirit of Christmas?


    OH, BROTHER: Andy Oudman (pictured left) just blew a head gasket (Dec. 22) on 1290-CJBK-AM because he received a Christmas card from two local, Liberal MPPs (Deb Matthews and Chris Bentley), cards containing the phrase "Season's Greetings" etc. instead of "Merry Christmas."

    Mr. Oudman's so upset, he indicated he'll be sending the Christmas cards back in the mail to the senders. Oh, brother.

    Let's face it folks, the vast majority of Western society has been celebrating Christmas in a spending frenzy of consumerism with the mythical Santa Claus replacing Jesus Christ, the inspiration for Christianity, for more than 75 years.

    But we're supposed to get bent out of shape and start foaming at the mouth because we receive a "Christmas card" in the mail that reads "Season's Greetings" or "Happy Holidays"?

    If someone's really interested in bringing positive change to this often chaotic and divided world ~ not merely promoting self-righteous hot-air and bafflegab ~ would they get hot under the collar when they receive a well-meaning Christmas card sent their way, one that wishes them "Season's Greetings" or "Happy Holidays"? I don't think so.

    So "have a good day," "take care," "have a cool Yule" and "a happy new year" (insert banality here!). And remember, "don't take any wooden nickels!"

    Next item of importance, please!


  • Russia developing monster ballistic missile dubbed 'Satan,' TE, Dec. 21

  • Brazilian baby born healthy but with two heads, UKDM, Dec. 21


  • LONDON CITY HALL: Respected senior City manager suffers a heart attack at work


    THIS JUST IN (DEC. 20, 5:15 PM): AltLondon has learned from a reliable source (since confirmed) that London's Executive Director of Planning, Environmental and Engineering Services Pat McNally (pictured above) had a heart attack in his city hall office early this morning (Tues. Dec. 20). Another staff member had found him in distress and and immediately called 9-1-1.

    Mr. McNally's since had a "coronary stent" inserted at the hospital.

    Mr. McNally was scheduled to do a presentation before the Strategic Priorities and Policy Committee at city hall at 5:05 pm this afternoon regarding London's "2030 Transportation Master Plan Evaluation of Growth and Intensification Factors" but was unable to attend due to his sudden illness.

    Mr. McNally recently announced that he will be retiring, effective the end of January 2012, but will remain as a consultant to the City of London until the end of 2012.

    The above story is expected to be reported by the local mainstream media within a few days or sometime in the new year.

    AltLondon wishes Mr. McNally a full-and-speedy recovery.


  • MUSIC VIDEO: Now charting in Melonville ~ Beans in My Ears, YT, Dec. 20

  • FREEZE-DRIED IN THE 1960s: Mayor Joe Fontana, Mayor-Wannabe Joe Swan and the ostrich-like Middlesex-London Health Unit support water fluoridation

  • CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT REDUX: Mayor Fontana is opposed to a public participation meeting on water fluoridation, LFP, Dec. 20

  • THIS JUST IN: Moncton, New Brunswick's city council has just voted 7-4 to end water fluoridation due to serious health concerns raised by citizens based on scores of scientific studies ~ including some which show that fluoride accumulates in human organs and tissue, rendering moot the Middlesex-London Health Unit's argument that London's low fluoride levels are not a concern.

    In addition to Moncton, several Canadian cities ~ Calgary, Gatineau and Waterloo ~ have recently dropped fluoride from their water supplies, whereas Thunder Bay voted not to introduce it into its water supply.


  • How to be a real man, DB, Dec. 20

  • Why you should be concerned about water flouridation, FA, Dec. 20

  • Dr. Hardy Limeback is one of the leading Canadian authorities on preventive dentistry. The Middlesex-London Health Unit, not so much

  • London, Ontario, the Intellectual Hub of Southwestern Ontario, LFP, Dec. 17

  • MUSIC VIDEO: Get the Cake ~ Jeff Cake for Mayor!

  • Tory defence minister Peter McKay's got some 'splaining to do, CTF, Dec. 15

  • Forget about a pricey Downtown Disneyland®, it makes far more sense to use a special 1% economic development levy to reduce London's debt

    From the City of London's 2012 Budget:

    Debt Levels

    By the end of 2011 the anticipated total debt issued will be approximately $336.6 million.

    The remaining debt that has been approved but not issued is estimated to be $254.3 million, for a combined potential debt of $590.9 million.

    The continuation of an aggressive debt reduction program by Council could see the “authorized but not issued” debt reduced through allocation of surplus and other one-time sources.

    However, by the end of 2012 the City's anticipated total debt issued is forecasted to be $370.5 million.

    The remaining debt that has been approved but not issued will be approximately $228.4 million, for a combined potential debt of $598.9 million.

    Debt Servicing Costs

    Debt servicing costs on all projected debt issued (tax-supported, water, wastewater, reserve funds, non-rate supported) will total $60.3 million in 2012 and is anticipated to increase to $62.5 million in 2013.

    . . . . . . .

  • N.B. According to Martin Hayward, city treasurer and chief financial officer at the City of London, "None of the issued debt is callable. Only the authorized but not issued [approximately $265 million] can be reduced by paying through cash sources and not issuing the [new] debt.

  • Scientists zoom in on the 'God particle' UKG, Dec. 14

  • Algonquins from West Quebec launch biggest land claim in Canadian history, OC, Dec. 12

  • City planning staff recommending some buildings be preserved at old South Street hospital, CoL, Dec. 10

  • Mayor Joe's 'honeymoon' is over. Think D-I-V-O-R-C-E, LFP, Dec. 7

  • A levy is a tax and a tax is a levy, according to the dictionary

    levy (noun): an imposing or collecting, as of a tax, by authority or force.

    tax (noun): a sum of money demanded by a government for its support or for specific facilities or services, levied upon incomes, property, sales, etc.

    COMMENT: The only responsible way to debate the merits of a special economic development levy on taxpayers is to clearly identify in advance the specific project the levy will pay for. This would allow for transparency, public feedback and citizen engagement. That's not the case in London at the present time.

    All Londoners have currently regarding the proposed levy is a "pig in a poke." In other words, we'd get hit with the levy and our council brain-trust would inform us later what it would be used for. Not good.

    And to say we need to have a pot of money from the levy in place before we know what it will be used for (in case the federal or provincial governments suddenly provide matching funds for infrastructure projects) is Enron-style, financial thinking. Arrogance personified.

    London has about $207-million in reserve funds for unfunded liabilities, contingencies and emergencies etc., some of which city council could use at its discretion by majority vote, for economic development initiatives.

    But the absolute worst argument in support of the levy is this: "Since London's unemployment rate is 9.8%, we need to suck an additional $70-million from the pockets of taxpayers over the next five years in order to create job opportunities [for the development and construction trades]."


  • Gina Barber reports on London's first 2012 budget meeting, LCW, Dec. 6

  • Phil McLeod reports on London's first 2012 budget meeting, TMR, Dec. 6

  • CANADIAN BASEBALL HISTORY

    Canadian baseball legend Ron Stead dies at age 75

    By Kevin Glew
    Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame

    Intercounty League pitching legend, Ron Stead, (pictured left) has passed away at the age of 75.

    He died at 6:15 p.m. ET last night (Dec. 5) after a valiant battle with pancreatic cancer.

    Born in London, Ont., on September 24, 1936, Stead grew up in Toronto close to Maple Leaf Stadium.

    “Where I lived in Toronto was right behind the Maple Leaf Stadium,” Stead told me in a 2006 interview.

    “I climbed the fence one day and I saw a guy out there hanging out sweat socks and towels and went over and talked to him. And it was the trainer for Toronto, Bill Smith. I just started going over to the park when I thought he’d be out.”

    The baseball-crazed youngster was anointed the Leafs mascot in 1946, before becoming the team’s batboy the following campaign.

    He also honed his pitching skills by tossing batting practice and soon developed into a decent pitching prospect, earning himself a tryout with the Cleveland Indians in 1955.

    In Cleveland, the skinny teen would impress the Tribe’s brass enough to offer him a contract, however, Hank Greenberg, who was the club’s general manager at the time, wouldn’t include a signing bonus.

    “He (Greenberg) said, ‘Well, you know we would love to have you in our organization, but we can’t get you any kind of a bonus because of your weight,” recalled Stead. “We don’t know if you can get through a full season, especially if you have to go down in the hot weather.”

    Stead would be offered a better deal by his hometown Leafs, who were an independent, Triple-A team at the time. He inked a contract with Toronto and was shipped to the Florida State League for the 1956 and 1957 seasons. While pitching for Gainesville in 1957, he recorded 17 wins and a sparkling 2.43 ERA.

    The Leafs then asked him to return to the Florida State League the following year, but Stead declined and returned to Canada, where he would join the Intercounty League’s Brantford Red Sox. Of course, not playing professionally meant that he had to find work to support himself. Fortunately, the Red Sox helped him find a job.

    “1957 was a very bad year for employment in Canada ~ in Ontario especially ~ and they [the Red Sox] had got me several jobs where I got laid off,” he recalled.

    Eventually, Stead secured work as a meter reader with Union Gas in 1959. The legendary left-hander would parlay that job into a successful career with the company that lasted until he retired in 1994.

    In his near decade pitching with Brantford (1958 to 1966), the crafty southpaw evolved into the circuit’s top pitcher and led the Red Sox to six championships. In 1960, he won 12 games and logged a league record 149 innings. He would top that in 1963 when he went 14-1 with a miniscule 0.63 ERA. But Stead ranked his 1965 season as his finest.

    “I had hurt my arm in the spring of 1965. I would stop at the doctor’s office on the way down to the game and get treatment on my arm and then go out and pitch,” he recalled. “And that year for some reason, I suddenly had a legitimate fastball because I had always had a lot of movement on the ball, but it wasn’t overly fast – but for some reason that seemed to pick up. So I was able to actually throw the ball by a few guys.”

    And throw the ball by a few guys he did, his 156 strikeouts that season set an Intercounty League mark that still stands today. When Union Gas asked him to move to Guelph in 1967, he brought his overpowering arsenal to the C-Joys.

    In his first season with the club, he would post a 0.35 ERA and help the team to a finals berth. In 1970, he would lead the C-Joys to a league title.

    Another highlight for Stead was pitching at the 1967 Pan Am Games in Winnipeg for the first national team that Canada ever assembled. The Intercounty League ace holds the distinction of being the first hurler to throw a pitch for Team Canada in an international competition.

    “When we got to Winnipeg before the games, the last practice we had before Opening Day, I tore a cartilage in my knee,” recalled Stead.

    But the determined southpaw overcame the injury to hold the Mexican team to five hits over seven innings, while amassing 10 strikeouts.

    Stead also pitched for the gold medal-winning Team Ontario squad at the 1969 Canada Summer Games.

    Though he retired in 1972, Stead still ranks as the Intercounty League leader in numerous all-time pitching categories, including wins (104), innings pitched (1,365), strikeouts (1,231), games started (151), complete games (116), and shutouts (25).

    For his efforts, Stead became the first individual player inducted into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame based on their amateur playing career in 2006.

    After he hung up his spikes as a player, Stead coached his children (Ron Jr., David, Heather, and his late son, Jeff) in minor baseball. In recent years, he lived with his wife, Betty, in Chatham.

    And while he still watched baseball, he didn’t enjoy the modern game’s reliance on relief pitching.

    “To me one of the biggest things I liked about pitching was you got two or three men on and they let you work at it and you got out of it,” he told me.

    This bulldog approach is the reason that Stead set the Intercounty League record for most innings pitched in a season. It’s also one of the reasons he became the first amateur player inducted into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame. He hoped, however, that he wouldn’t be the last.

    “There are a lot of kids that have got a lot of talent and there are many reasons why they can’t follow it through (to play professionally). It’s just the brakes of life in some cases. I think they deserve some recognition for it too,” he said.

    Funeral arrangements are pending.

    Check www.baseballhalloffame.ca for details. We will post them when we receive them.

    Read more HERE.




     What's Related  

     Story Options  
  • Mail Story to a Friend
  • Printable Story Format


  • Canadian baseball legend Ron Stead dies at age 75 | 5 comments | Create New Account
    The following comments are owned by whomever posted them. This site is not responsible for what they say.
    Canadian baseball legend Ron Stead dies at age 75
    Authored by: Sapphire on Wednesday, December 07 2011 @ 11:13 AM EST
    Did Orser decide to pass on the meeting last night because the subject matter was way over his head and he knew he'd look like the buffoon he really is if he stood up and spoke? Or perhaps he induldged a little too much in the festivities of the season to manage yo make it to the meeting? This would count as paid sick day, I'm sure.

    No matter. He certainly wasn't missed by anyone down there at silly hall, of that I'm sure.
    Canadian baseball legend Ron Stead dies at age 75
    Authored by: Betty McLarty on Wednesday, December 07 2011 @ 05:59 PM EST

    He missed the budget meeting Monday and the council meeting on Tuesday. He
    might be sick or perhaps his elderly mother is ill. Who knows?

    ---
    To advertise on Butch McLarty's Alt-London e-mail butchmclarty@yahoo.ca. We have reasonable ad rates designed to fit any advertising budget.
    Canadian baseball legend Ron Stead dies at age 75
    Authored by: Butch (The Beast) McLarty on Sunday, December 11 2011 @ 11:55 AM EST


    CAVEAT EMPTOR: An elementary principle of responsible money management
    is to never spend a dime without knowing what you're buying.

    But a few members of London city council (Mayor Fontana, Joe Swan, Matt
    Brown and Paul Hubert) want to impose a levy on Londoners for an
    unidentified project.

    As in, trust us, we know what we're doing with your money. Give it to us now
    and we'll let you know later what it will be used for.

    And these council all-stars wonder why the vast majority of Londoners are
    vigorously opposed to it.




    ---
    To advertise on Alt-London contact me at butchmclarty@yahoo.ca. We have reasonable rates designed to fit any advertising budget.
    Canadian baseball legend Ron Stead dies at age 75
    Authored by: mindtwister on Tuesday, December 20 2011 @ 02:45 PM EST
    You gotta luv our Mayor, the "Snake oil salesman" selling London off at any price.

    One can only wonder what city assets he's going to try to sell off next year after the "Hydro fiasco" this year.

    Oh, one more thing, Mr. Mayor. Forget the idea of burning ash wood with the city's human waste in the sewage incinerator in the west end of the city. That's sure to open a "smelly big can of worms" for the you.
    Canadian baseball legend Ron Stead dies at age 75
    Authored by: Betty McLarty on Tuesday, December 20 2011 @ 03:32 PM EST
    Water Fluoridation References:

    Water fluoridation less effective in the late 1980's and the 1990's.

    Water fluoridation cessation studies:

    Attwood D, Blinkhorn AS. Dental health in school children 5 years after water
    fluoridation ceased in south-west. Scotland. Dent J. 1991 Feb;41(1):43-8.

    Kobayashi S, Kawasaki K, Takagi O, Nakamura M, Fujii N, Shinzato M, Maki Y,
    Takaesu Y. Caries experience in subjects 18-22 years of age after 13 years'
    discontinued water fluoridation in Okinawa. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol.
    1992 Apr;20(2):81-3.

    Kalsbeek H, Kwant GW, Groeneveld A, Dirks OB, van Eck AA, Theuns HM.
    Caries experience of 15-year-old children in The Netherlands after
    discontinuation of water fluoridation. Caries Res. 1993;27(3):201-5.

    Seppa L, Karkkainen S, Hausen H. Caries frequency in permanent teeth before
    and after discontinuation of water fluoridation in Kuopio, Finland. Community
    Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1998 Aug;26(4):256-62.

    Kunzel W, Fischer T. Caries prevalence after cessation of water fluoridation in
    La Salud, Cuba. Caries Res. 2000 Jan-Feb;34(1):20-5.

    Burt BA, Keels MA, Heller KE. The effects of a break in water fluoridation on
    the development of dental caries and fluorosis. J Dent Res. 2000
    Feb;79(2):761-9.

    Comparison of fluoridated and non-fluoridated communities

    Brunelle JA, Carlos JP. Recent trends in dental caries in U.S. children and the
    effect of water fluoridation. J Dent Res. 1990 Feb;69 Spec No:723-7;
    discussion 820-3.

    Ismail AI, Shoveller J, Langille D, MacInnis WA, McNally M. Should the drinking
    water of Truro, Nova Scotia, be fluoridated? Water fluoridation in the 1990s.
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1993 Jun;21(3):118-25.

    Jackson RD, Kelly SA, Katz BP, Hull JR, Stookey GK. Dental fluorosis and caries
    prevalence in children residing in communities with different levels of fluoride
    in the water. J Public Health Dent. 1995 Spring;55(2):79-84.

    Slade GD, Davies MJ, Spencer AJ, Stewart JF. Associations between exposure to
    fluoridated drinking water and dental caries experience among children in
    two Australian states. J Public Health Dent. 1995 Fall;55(4):218-28.

    Kumar JV, Swango PA, Lininger LL, Leske GS, Green EL, Haley VB. Changes in
    dental fluorosis and dental caries in Newburgh and Kingston, New York. Am J
    Public Health. 1998 Dec;88(12):1866-70.

    Angelillo IF, Torre I, Nobile CG, Villari P. Caries and fluorosis prevalence in
    communities with different concentrations of fluoride in the water. Caries Res.
    1999;33(2):114-22.

    Decline of caries is not all due to fluoride

    Bratthall D, Hansel Petersson G, Sundberg H. (1996) Reasons for the caries
    decline. What do the experts believe? Euro J Oral Sci 104:416-422

    de Liefde B. The decline of caries in New Zealand over the past 40 years. N Z
    Dent J. 1998 Sep;94(417):109-13.

    Birkeland JM, Haugejorden O, Ramm Von Der Fehr F. Some factors associated
    with the caries decline among norwegian children and adolescents: age-
    specific and cohort analyses. Caries Res. 2000 Mar-Apr;34(2):109-16.

    Krasse B. From the art of filling teeth to the science of dental caries
    prevention: a personal review. J Public Health Dent. 1996;56(5 Spec No):271-
    7.

    Dental fluorosis is now an epidemic

    Leverett D. Prevalence of dental fluorosis in fluoridated and nonfluoridated
    communities—a preliminary investigation. J Public Health Dent. 1986
    Fall;46(4):184-7.

    Pendrys DG, Stamm JW. Relationship of total fluoride intake to beneficial
    effects and enamel fluorosis. J Dent Res. 1990 Feb;69 Spec No:529-38;
    discussion 556-7.

    Szpunar SM, Burt BA. Evaluation of appropriate use of dietary fluoride
    supplements in the US. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1992 Jun;20(3):148-
    54.

    Riordan PJ. Perceptions of dental fluorosis. J Dent Res. 1993 Sep;72(9):1268-
    74.

    Clark DC. Appropriate use of fluorides in the 1990's. J Can Dent Assoc. 1993
    Mar;59(3):272-9.

    Clark DC. Trends in prevalence of dental fluorosis in North America.
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1994 Jun;22(3):148-52.

    Lalumandier JA, Rozier RG. The prevalence and risk factors of fluorosis among
    patients in a pediatric dental practice. Pediatr Dent. 1995 Jan-Feb;17(1):19-
    25.

    Pendrys DG, Katz RV, Morse DE. Risk factors for enamel fluorosis in a
    nonfluoridated population. Am J Epidemiol. 1996 Apr 15;143(8):808-15.

    Limeback H, Ismail A, Banting D, DenBesten P, Featherstone J, Riordan PJ.
    Canadian Consensus Conference on the appropriate use of fluoride
    supplements for the prevention of dental caries in children. J Can Dent Assoc.
    1998 Oct;64(9):636-9.

    Kumar JV, Swango PA. Fluoride exposure and dental fluorosis in Newburgh
    and Kingston, New York: policy implications. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol.
    1999 Jun;27(3):171-80.

    Rozier RG. The prevalence and severity of enamel fluorosis in North American
    children. J Public Health Dent. 1999 Fall;59(4):239-46.

    Fluoride ingestion delays tooth eruption and may simply delay tooth decay

    Human studies:

    Kunzel VW. [Cross-sectional comparison of the median eruption time for
    permanent teeth in children from fluoride poor and optimally fluoridated
    areas]. Stomatol DDR. 1976 May;5:310-21.

    Virtanen JI, Bloigu RS, Larmas MA. Timing of eruption of permanent teeth:
    standard Finnish patient documents. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1994
    Oct;22(5 Pt 1):286-8.

    Campagna L, Tsamtsouris A, Kavadia K. Fluoridated drinking water and
    maturation of permanent teeth at age 12. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 1995
    Spring;19(3):225-8.

    Nadler GL: Earlier dental maturation: fact or fiction? Angle Orthod 1998
    Dec;68(6):535-8

    Animal studies:

    Krook L, Maylin GA, Lillie JH, Wallace RS. Dental fluorosis in cattle. Cornell Vet.
    1983 Oct;73(4):340-62.

    Smith CE, Nanci A, Denbesten PK. Effects of chronic fluoride exposure on
    morphometric parameters defining the stages of amelogenesis and
    ameloblast modulation in rat incisors. Anat Rec. 1993 Oct;237(2):243-58.

    The anti-caries benefit from swallowed fluoride is miniscule compared to the
    post-eruptive topical effects.

    Heifetz SB, Proskin HM. Serendipitous results of a pilot study: precaution
    indicated. J Clin Dent. 1995;6(1):117-9.

    Burt, B.A. (1994). Letter. Fluoride, 27, 180-181.

    Carlos, J.P. (1983). Comments on Fluoride. J.Pedodontics. Winter, 135-136.

    Fejerskov O, Thylstrup A, Larsen MJ. Rational use of fluorides in caries
    prevention. A concept based on possible cariostatic mechanisms Acta Odontol
    Scand.1981;39(4):241-9.

    Levine, R.S., (1976). The action of fluoride in caries prevention: a review of
    current concepts. Brit. Dent. J. 140, 9-14.

    Martens LC, Verbeeck RM. [Mechanism of action of fluorides in local/topical
    application]. Rev Belge Med Dent. 1998;53(1):295-308.

    Featherstone JD. Prevention and reversal of dental caries: role of low level
    fluoride. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1999 Feb;27(1):31-40.

    Limeback H. A re-examination of the pre-eruptive and post-eruptive
    mechanism of the anti-caries effects of fluoride: is there any anti-caries
    benefit from swallowing fluoride? Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1999
    Feb;27(1):62-71.

    Fluoridated water is associated with an increase risk for bone fracture

    Jacobsen SJ, Goldberg J, Miles TP, Brody JA, Stiers W, Rimm AA. Regional
    variation in the incidence of hip fracture. US white women aged 65 years and
    older. JAMA. 1990 Jul 25;264(4):500-2.

    Sowers MF, Clark MK, Jannausch ML, Wallace RB. A prospective study of bone
    mineral content and fracture in communities with fluoride exposure. Am J
    Epidemiol. 1991 Apr 1;133(7):649-60.

    Cooper C, Wickham CA, Barker DJ, Jacobsen SJ. Water fluoridation and hip
    fracture. JAMA. 1991 Jul 24-31;266(4):513-4.

    Danielson C, Lyon JL, Egger M, Goodenough GK. Hip fractures and fluoridation
    in Utah's elderly population. JAMA. 1992 Aug 12;268(6):746-8.

    Jacobsen SJ, Goldberg J, Cooper C, Lockwood SA. The association between
    water fluoridation and hip fracture among white women and men aged 65
    years and older. A national ecologic study. Ann Epidemiol. 1992
    Sep;2(5):617-26

    Jacqmin-Gadda H, Commenges D, Dartigues JF. Fluorine concentration in
    drinking water and fractures in the elderly. JAMA. 1995 Mar 8;273(10):775-6.

    Hillier S, Inskip H, Coggon D, Cooper C. (1996) Water fluoridation and
    osteoporotic fracture. Community Dent Health Suppl 2:63-8

    Karagas MR, Baron JA, Barrett JA, Jacobsen SJ. Patterns of fracture among the
    United States elderly: geographic and fluoride effects. Ann Epidemiol. 1996
    May;6(3):209-16.

    Papadimitropoulos EA, Coyte PC, Josse RG, Greenwood CE. Current and
    projected rates of hip fracture in Canada. CMAJ. 1997 Nov 15;157(10):1357-
    63.

    Feskanich D, Owusu W, Hunter DJ, Willett W, Ascherio A, Spiegelman D, Morris
    S, Spate VL, Colditz G. Use of toenail fluoride levels as an indicator for the risk
    of hip and forearm fractures in women. Epidemiology. 1998 Jul;9(4):412-6.

    Allolio B, Lehmann R. Drinking water fluoridation and Exp Clin Endocrinol
    Diabetes. 1999;107(1):12-20.

    Kurttio P, Gustavsson N, Vartiainen T, Pekkanen J. Exposure to natural fluoride
    in well water and hip fracture: a cohort analysis in Finland. Am J Epidemiol.
    1999 Oct 15;150(8):817-24.

    Hillier S, Cooper C, Kellingray S, Russell G, Hughes H, Coggon D. Fluoride in
    drinking water and risk of hip fracture in the UK: a case-control study. Lancet.
    2000 Jan 22;355(9200):265-9.

    Fluorosilicates, lead, arsenic, radium and other harmful contaminants in our
    fluoridated water are toxic

    Denzinger HF, Konig HJ, and Kruger GE 1979 No. 103 sept/Oct issue of
    'Phosphorus and Potassium'

    Lyman GH, Lyman CG, Johnson W. Association of leukemia with radium
    groundwater contamination. JAMA. 1985 Aug 2;254(5):621-6.

    Finkelstein MM. Radium in drinking water and the risk of death from bone
    cancer among Ontario youths. CMAJ. 1994 Sep 1;151(5):565-71.

    Moss ME, Kanarek MS, Anderson HA, Hanrahan LP, Remington PL.
    Osteosarcoma, seasonality, and environmental factors in Wisconsin, 1979-
    1989. Arch Environ Health. 1995 May-Jun;50(3):235-41.

    Maki-Paakkanen J, Kurttio P, Paldy A, Pekkanen J. Association between the
    clastogenic effect in peripheral lymphocytes and human exposure to arsenic
    through drinking water. Environ Mol Mutagen. 1998;32(4):301-13.

    Masters RD, Coplan M. Water treatment with Silicofluorides and Lead Toxicity.
    Intern J of Environ Studies 1999 56:435-449

    Moss ME, Lanphear BP, Auinger P. Association of dental caries and blood lead
    levels. JAMA. 1999 Jun 23-30;281(24):2294-8.

    Kurttio P, Pukkala E, Kahelin H, Auvinen A, Pekkanen J. Arsenic concentrations
    in well water and risk of bladder and kidney cancer in Finland. Environ Health
    Perspect. 1999 Sep;107(9):705-10.

    Finkelstein MM. Silica, silicosis, and lung cancer: a risk assessment. Am J Ind
    Med. 2000 Jul;38(1):8-18.

    Saffiotti U, Ahmed N. Neoplastic transformation by quartz in the
    BALB/3T3/A31-1-1 cell line and the effects of associated minerals. Teratog
    Carcinog Mutagen. 1995 15(6):339-56.

    Studies reporting a link between fluoride and cancer

    -some show a trend for increase risk of bone cancer in young males

    Zeiger E, Shelby MD, Witt KL. Genetic toxicity of fluoride. Environ Mol
    Mutagen. 1993;21(4):309-18.

    Cohn, P.D. (1992). "An Epidemiologic Report on Drinking Water and
    Fluoridation". New Jersey Department of Health, Trenton, NJ.

    Bucher JR, Hejtmancik MR, Toft JD 2d, Persing RL, Eustis SL, Haseman JK.
    Results and conclusions of the National Toxicology Program's rodent
    carcinogenicity studies with sodium fluoride. Int J Cancer. 1991 Jul
    9;48(5):733-7.

    Hoover RN "Fluoridation of Drinking Water and Subsequent Cancer Incidence
    and Mortality" In Review of Fluoride: Benefits and Risks, Report of the Ad Hoc
    Committee on Fluoride of the Committee to Coordinate Environmental Health
    and Related Programs. US Public Health Service, pp E1-E51.

    Tohyama E. Relationship between fluoride concentration in drinking water and
    mortality rate from uterine cancer in Okinawa prefecture, Japan. J Epidemiol.
    1996 Dec;6(4):184-91.

    Lee JR. Fluoridation and Bone Cancer. Fluoride 1993;26(2):79-82.

    Yiamouyiannis JA. Fluoridation and cancer: The biology and epidemiology of
    bone and oral cancer related to fluoridation. Fluoride 1993;26(2):83-96.

    Galanti MR, Sparen P, Karlsson A, Grimelius L, Ekbom A. Is residence in areas
    of endemic goiter a risk factor for thyroid cancer? Int J Cancer. 1995 May
    29;61(5):615-21.

    Grandjean P, Olsen JH, Jensen OM, Juel K. Cancer incidence and mortality in
    workers exposed to fluoride. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1992 Dec 16;84(24):1903-9.

    Tsutsui T, Ide K, Maizumi H. Induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis in
    cultured human oral keratinocytes by sodium fluoride. Mutat Res. 1984
    May;140(1):43-8

    Aardema MJ, Gibson DP, LeBoeuf RA. Sodium fluoride-induced chromosome
    aberrations in different stages of the cell cycle: a proposed mechanism. Mutat
    Res. 1989 Jun;223(2):191-203.

    Scott D, Roberts SA. Extrapolation from in vitro tests to human risk:
    experience with sodium fluoride clastogenicity. Mutat Res. 1987
    Sep;189(1):47-58

    Publications arguing against the link between fluoride and cancer. Why?

    -failure to recognize in most cases that hydrofluosilicic acid (and its radium
    and arsenic contaminants), not pure sodium fluoride, was used to fluoridate
    water

    -the increase in risk from 1 ppm fluoridated water for all cancers is low, for
    osteosarcomas, it is extremely low, but it should still be detectable with
    sufficient sample sizes

    Chilvers C. Cancer mortality and fluoridation of water supplies in 35 USA
    cities. Int J Epidemiol 1983;12(4):397-404.

    Shupe JL, Bruner RH, Seymour JL, Alden CL. The pathology of chronic bovine
    fluorosis: a review. Toxicol Pathol. 1992;20(2):274-85; discussion 285-8.

    Freni SC, Gaylor DW. International trends in the incidence of bone cancer are
    not related to drinking water fluoridation. Cancer 1992;70(3):611-618.

    Clemmesen J. Alleged association between artificial fluoridation of water
    supplies and cancer: review. Bull. WHO 1983;61(5):871-883.

    Cook-Mozaffari P, Doll R. Fluoridation of Water Supplies and Cancer Mortality
    2. Mortality Trends After Fluoridation. J Epidemiol Community Health
    1981;35(4):233-238.

    Doll R, Kinlen L. Fluoridation of water and cancer mortality in the U.S.A.
    Lancet 1977;1(Jun):1300-1302.

    Griffith GW. Fluoridation and Cancer Mortality in Anglesey Wales Uk. J
    Epidemiol Community Health 1985;39(3):224-226.

    Kinlen L, Doll R. Fluoridation of Water Supplies and Cancer Mortality 3. a
    Reexamination of Mortality in Cities in the Usa. J Epidemiol Community Health
    1981;35(4):239-244.

    Hoover RN, McKay FW, Fraumeni JFJ. Fluoridated drinking water and the
    occurrence of cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1976;57(4):757-768.

    Walker AR, Cleaton-Jones PE, Richardson BD. Fluoridation and Cancer. S Afr
    Med J 1981;60(23):878-879.

    Thomson WM. Dental health: water fluoridation, hip fracture, osteosarcoma--
    recent evidence. N. Z. Pharm. 1997;17(Nov):40-42.

    Jackson RD, Kelly SA, Noblitt TW, Zhang W, Wilson ME, Dunipace AJ, Li Y,

    Katz BP, Brizendine EJ, Stookey GK. Lack of effect of long-term fluoride
    ingestion on blood chemistry and frequency of sister chromatid exchange in
    human lymphocytes. Environ Mol Mutagen. 1997;29(3):265-71.

    Fluoride is neurotoxic

    Hu YH, Wu SS. Fluoride in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with fluorosis. J
    Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1988 Dec;51(12):1591-3.

    Holland, R.I. Fluoride inhibition of protein synthesis. Cell Biol. Int. Rep. 1979
    3:701-705

    Jope RS. Modulation of phosphoinositide hydrolysis by NaF and aluminum in
    rat cortical slices. J. Neurochem. 1988 51:1731-1736.

    Kay AR, Miles R, Wong RKS. Intracellular fluoride alters the kinetic properties
    of calcium currents facilitating the investigation of synaptic events in
    hippocampal neurons. J. Neurosci. 1986 6: 2915-2920.

    Varner JA, Jensen KF Isaacson RL. Toxin-induced blood vessel inclusions
    caused by the chronic administration of aluminum and sodium fluoride and
    their implications for dementia. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1997 825: 152-166.

    Mullenix PJ, Denbesten PK, Schunior A, Kernan WJ. Neurotoxicity of sodium
    fluoride in rats. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1995 Mar-Apr;17(2):169-77.

    Varner JA, Jensen KF, Horvath W, Isaacson RL. Chronic administration of
    aluminum-fluoride or sodium-fluoride to rats in drinking water: alterations in
    neuronal and cerebrovascular integrity. Brain Res. 1998 Feb 16;784(1-
    2):284-98.

    Varner JA, Horvath WJ, Huie CW, Naslund HR, Isaacson RL. Chronic aluminum
    fluoride administration. I. Behavioral observations. Behav Neural Biol. 1994
    May;61(3):233-41.

    Zhao LB, Liang GH, Zhang DN, Wu XR. Effect of high fluoride water supply on
    children's intelligence. Fluoride 1996 29:190-192.

    Li, XS, Zhi JL, RO. Effect of fluoride exposure on intelligence in children.
    Fluoride 1995 28(4):189-192.

    Luke JA. Effect of fluoride on the physiology of the pineal gland.
    CariesResearch 1994 28:204.

    Bahavior not affected by fluoride?

    Morgan L, Allred E, Tavares M, Bellinger D, Needleman H. Investigation of the
    possible associations between fluorosis, fluoride exposure, and childhood
    behavior problems. Pediatr Dent. 1998 Jul-Aug;20(4):244-52

    Fluoride affects reproduction

    Dominguez L, Diaz A, Fornes MW, Mayorga LS. Reagents that activate GTP-
    binding proteins trigger the acrosome reaction in human spermatozoa. Int J
    Androl. 1995 Aug;18(4):203-7.

    Hoffman DJ, Pattee OH, Wiemeyer SN. Effects of fluoride on screech owl
    reproduction: teratological evaluation, growth, and blood chemistry in
    hatchlings. Toxicol. Lett. 1985 26: 19-24.

    Eckerlin, R.H., Maylin, G.A., Krook, L., and Carmichael, D.T. Cornell
    Ameliorative effects of reduced food-borne fluoride on reproduction in silver
    foxes.Vet. 1988 78 75-91.

    Narayana MV, Chinoy NJ Reversible effects of sodium fluoride ingestion on
    spermatozoa of the rat Int J Fertil Menopausal Stud 1994 Nov-Dec;39(6):337-
    46

    Messer HH, Armstrong WD, Singer L. Fertility impairment in mice on a low
    fluoride intake. Science. 1972 Sep 8;177(52):893-4

    Haesungcharern A, Chulavatnatol M. Inhibitors of adenylate cyclase from
    ejaculated human spermatozoa. J Reprod Fertil. 1978 May;53(1):59-61

    Susheela AK, Jethanandani P. Circulating testosterone levels in skeletal
    fluorosis patients. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol. 1996;34(2):183-9.

    Kumar A, Susheela AK. Effects of chronic fluoride toxicity on the morphology
    of ductus epididymis and the maturation of spermatozoa of rabbit. Int J Exp
    Pathol. 1995 Feb;76(1):1-11.

    Nicol CJ, Zielenski J, Tsui LC, Wells PG. An embryoprotective role for glucose-
    6-phosphate dehydrogenase in developmental oxidative stress and chemical
    teratogenesis. FASEB J. 2000 Jan;14(1):111-27.

    No fluoride effect on reproduction

    Merkley JW, Sexton TJ Reproductive performance of White Leghorns provided
    fluoride Poult Sci 1982 Jan;61(1):52-6

    Fluoride can affect thyroid hormones and, therefore, many other organs

    Susa M. "Heterotrimeric G proteins as fluoride targets in bone (Review). Int J
    Mol Med 3(2):115-126 (1999)

    Caverzasio J, Palmer G, Suzuki A, Bonjour JP. Mechanism of the mitogenic
    effect of fluoride on osteoblast-like cells: evidences for a G protein-
    dependent tyrosine phosphorylation process. J Bone Miner Res. 1997
    Dec;12(12):1975-83.

    Susa M, Standke GJ, Jeschke M, Rohner D. Fluoroaluminate induces pertussis
    toxin-sensitive protein phosphorylation: differences in MC3T3-E1
    osteoblastic and NIH3T3 fibroblastic cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun.
    1997 Jun 27;235(3):680-4.

    Galletti PM, Joyet G - "Effect of fluoride on thyroidal iodine metabolism in
    hyperthyroidism" J Clin Endocrinol 18:1102-1110 (1958)

    Gedalia I, Brand N. The relationship of fluoride and iodine in drinking water in
    the occurrence of goiter. Arch Int Pharmacodyn 1963;142:312-5.

    Gorlitzer von Mundy. Einfluss von Fluor und Jod auf den Stoffwechsel,
    insbesondere auf die Schilddrüss. Münch Med Wochenschrift 105:234-247
    (1963)

    Litzka G - "Die experimentellen Grundlagen der Behandlung des M. Basedow
    und der Hyperthyreose mittels Fluortyrosin" Dtsch Med Wochenschr 63:1037-
    1040 (1937)

    Gordonoff T. - Fluor und die Schilddrüse, Toxikology des Fluors
    Basel/Stuttgart, pp.111-123 (1964)

    May W. Antagonismus zwischen Jod und Fluor im Organismus. Klin
    Wochenschr 14:790-792 (1935)

    May W. Behandlung der Hypothyreosen einschließlich des schweren
    genuinenMorbus Basedow mit Fluor" Klin Wochenschr 16:562-564 (1937)

    Haddow JE, Palomaki GE, Allan WC, et al. -"Maternal thyroid deficiency during
    pregnancy and subsequent neuropsychological development of the child." N
    Engl J Med 341:549-55 (1999)]

    Eckerlin, R.H.,Maylin, G.A., and Krook, L. Cornell Vet. 76 403-404 (1986). Milk
    production of cows fed fluoride contaminated commercial feed.

    Balabolkin MI, Mikhailets ND, Lobovskaia RN, Chernousova NV. [The
    interrelationship of the thyroid and immune statuses of workers with long-
    term fluorine exposure]. Ter Arkh. 1995;67(1):41-2.

    Krishnamachari KA Skeletal fluorosis in humans: a review of recent progress
    in the understanding of the disease. Prog Food Nutr Sci 1986;10(3-4):279-
    314

    Tezelman S, Shaver JK, Grossman RF, Liang W, Siperstein AE, Duh QY, Clark
    OH. Desensitization of adenylate cyclase in Chinese hamster ovary cells
    transfected with human thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor.
    Endocrinology. 1994 Mar;134(3):1561-9.

    Fluoride enters the placenta and may cause birth defects

    Malhotra A, Tewari A, Chawla HS, Gauba K, Dhall K. Placental transfer of
    fluoride in pregnant women consuming optimum fluoride in drinking water. J
    Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 1993 Mar;11(1):1-3

    Armstrong WD, Singer L, Makowski EL. Placental transfer of fluoride and
    calcium. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1970 Jun 1;107(3):432-4.

    Erickson JD. Fluoridation and Down Syndrome. J Dental Res 58a 1979;228.

    Erickson JD. Down Syndrome, Water Fluoridation, and Maternal Age.
    Teratology 1980;21(177-180).

    Gupta SK, Gupta RC, Seth AK, Chaturvedi CS. Increased incidence of spina
    bifida occulta in fluorosis prone areas. Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1995
    Aug;37(4):503-6.

    Fluoride may affect the immune system

    Loftenius A, Andersson B, Butler J, Ekstrand J. Fluoride augments the
    mitogenic and antigenic response of human blood lymphocytes in vitro. Caries
    Res. 1999;33(2):148-55.

    Gutierrez J, Liebana J, Ruiz M, Castillo A, Gomez JL. Action of sodium fluoride
    on phagocytosis by systemic polymorphonuclear leucocytes. J Dent. 1994
    Oct;22(5):279-82.

    Sutton PR. Is the ingestion of fluoride an immunosuppressive practice? Med
    Hypotheses. 1991 May;35(1):1-3.

    Spittle B. Allergy and hypersensitivity to fluoride. Fluoride 1993 26: 267-273.

    Gabler WL, Mugrditchian M, Creamer HR, Bullock WW. Effect of fluoride on
    movement of concanavalin A-acceptor molecules of human neutrophils.
    Inflammation. 1989 Jun;13(3):317-28.

    Gabler WL, Creamer HR, Bullock WW. Fluoride activation of neutrophils:
    similarities to formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine. Inflammation. 1989
    Feb;13(1):47-58.

    Gabler WL, Hunter N. Inhibition of human neutrophil phagocytosis and
    intracellular killing of yeast cells by fluoride. Arch Oral Biol. 1987;32(5):363-6

    Gomez-Ubric JL, Liebana J, Gutierrez J, Castillo A. In vitro immune modulation
    of polymorphonuclear leukocyte adhesiveness by sodium fluoride. Eur J Clin
    Invest. 1992 Oct;22(10):659-61

    Lewis A, Wilson CW. Fluoride hypersensitivity in mains tap water
    demonstrated by skin potential changes in guinea-pigs. Med Hypotheses.
    1985 Apr;16(4):397-402

    Hirano S, Ando M, Kanno S. Inflammatory responses of rat alveolar
    macrophages following exposure to fluoride. Arch Toxicol. 1999
    Aug;73(6):310-5.

    O'Shea JJ, Urdahl KB, Luong HT, Chused TM, Samelson LE, Klausner RD.
    Aluminum fluoride induces phosphatidylinositol turnover, elevation of
    cytoplasmic free calcium, and phosphorylation of the T cell antigen receptor
    in murine T cells. J Immunol. 1987 Nov 15;139(10):3463-9

    Gutierrez J, Liebana J, Ruiz M, Castillo A, Gomez JL. Action of sodium fluoride
    on phagocytosis by systemic polymorphonuclear leucocytes. J Dent. 1994
    Oct;22(5):279-82.


    ---
    To advertise on Butch McLarty's Alt-London e-mail butchmclarty@yahoo.ca. We have reasonable ad rates designed to fit any advertising budget.